Deflagration is a combustion that propagates through a gas or along the surface of an explosive at a rapid rate driven by the transfer of heat. IEP Technologies systems are designed to detect and contain explosions from spreading to interconnected equiment and other locations within a processing facility.
There are two approaches to handling deflagration from spreading down a pipeline damaging equipment.
The first is to use a chemical suppression system. In this system, the pressure wave is detected by a sensitive press sensor that is measured by a control unit which instructs a chemical suppression agent to be discharged into the pipeline mitigating the passage of the flame and burning material further down the pipeline.
The second is to use a mechanical isolation system. In this system, the pressure wave is detected by a sensitive pressure sensor that is measured by a control unit which instructs a high speed knife valve to close forming a barrier, stopping the flame and burning material from traveling further down the pipeline.
Both of these approaches to eliminate a deflagration condition from causing damage to equipment and injury to employees has been proven highly effective. IEP Technologies systems are used to eliminate deflagration problems are being applied around the world.